Dr Jennifer Hall Institute for Women’s Health, UCL,
led the translation and validation of the Chichewa version of the LMUP in Mchinji District, Malawi.
The validation was conducted as part of Dr Hall’s PhD research on pregnancy intention and
maternal and neonatal health outcomes.
Further publications from the study can be found here
Full details of the translation and validation can be found in the open access publication:
Hall J, Barrett G, Mbwana N, Copas A, Malata A, Stephenson J.
Understanding pregnancy planning in a low-income country setting:
validation of the London measure of unplanned Pregnancy in Malawi
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Abstract and full pdf
The Chichewa LMUP was a valid and reliable measure of pregnancy intention and can
be downloaded for use in research and / or surveillance in Malawi.
It is scored in the same way as the original LMUP.
The LMUP translated into Chichewa
The LMUP translated into Chichewa (in English)
Further evaluation of the measurement properties of the Chichewa LMUP has been
carried out by Dr Sara Yeatman, University of Colorado,
and Dr Emily Smith-Greenaway, University of Southern California:
Yeatman S, Smith-Greenaway E.
Birth planning and women's and men's health in Malawi
Studies in Family Planning