The London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy (LMUP)
This page provides methodological information relating to the LMUP. It lists publications that relate to the original development study, to the evaluation of the LMUP in new contexts, and/or provide insights into the performance of the LMUP as a psychometric measure.
Key publications from the original LMUP development and evaluation study
Barrett G, Smith SC, Wellings K. 2004 Conceptualisation, development and evaluation of a measure of unplanned pregnancy
Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 58:426-433
Hall JA, Barrett G, Copas A, Stephenson J. 2017
London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy: guidance for its use as an outcome measure
Patient Related Outcome Measures 8:43-56
Abstract and full pdf
Recommendations for analysis using the LMUP
Hall JA, Barrett G, Copas A, Stephenson J. 2017 London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy: guidance for its use as an outcome measure Patient Related Outcome Measures 8:43-56 Abstract and full pdf
Publications relating to the psychometric evaluations of the LMUP in translation and/or new populations
Rocca CH, Krishnan S, Barrett G, and Wilson M. 2010 Measuring pregnancy planning: an assessment of the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy among urban, south Indian women. Demographic Research 23(11):293-334 Abstract and full pdf Further Information
Morof D, Steinauer J, Haider S, Liu S, Darney P, Barrett G. 2009 Evaluation of the reliability and validity of the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy in a U.S. population of women. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics Vol.107 Supplement 2 p.S275 journal page Further Information
Morof D, Steinauer J, Haider S, Liu S, Darney P, Barrett G. 2012 Evaluation of the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy in the a United States population of women. PloS One 7(4) Article number e35381 Abstract and full pdf Further Information
Hall J, Barrett G, Mbwana N, Copas A, Malata A, Stephenson J. 2013 Understanding pregnancy planning in a low-income country setting: validation of the London measure of unplanned pregnancy in Malawi BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 13:200 Abstract and full pdf Further Information
Roshanaei S, Shaghaghi A, Jafarabadi MA, and Kousha A. 2015 Measuring unintended pregnancies in postpartum Iranian women: validation of the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal 21(8):572-578 Abstract and full text Further information
Borges ALV, Barrett G, dos Santos OA, Nascimento NC, Cavalhieri FB, Fujimori E. 2016 Evaluation of the psychometric properties of the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy in Brazilian Portuguese BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 16:244 Abstract and full pdf Further information
Habib MA, Raynes-Greenow C, Nausheen S, Soofi SB, Sajid M, Bhutta ZA, Black K. 2017 Prevalence and determinants of unintended pregnancies amongst women attending antenatal clinics in Pakistan BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 17:156 Abstract and full pdf Further information
Goossens J, Verhaeghe S, Van Hecke A, Barrett G, Delbaere I, Beeckman D. 2018 Psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy in women with pregnancies ending in birth PloS ONE 13(4): e0194033 Abstract and full pdf Further information
For evaluations of the LMUP currently underway but as yet unpublished, please see Translations
Publications that provide insight into the validity of the LMUP
Insights can be gained into the validity (in particular the "construct validity") of a measure from its use in research studies. The following studies (incidentally) provide information about the performance of the LMUP in relation to the construct of pregnancy planning/intention.
Rocca CH, Kimport K, Gould H, Foster DG. 2013 Women's Emotions One Week After Receiving or Being Denied an Abortion in the United States. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 45: 122–131.
Cameron ST, Glasier A. 2013 Identifying women in need of further discussion about the decision to have an abortion and eventual outcome Contraception 88;1:128-132.
Comparing the LMUP with other ways of assessing pregnancy planning/intention
Recommendations for use of the LMUP
Other publications relating to the original LMUP development and evaluation study
Barrett G, and Wellings K. 2000 Understanding Pregnancy Intentions: a problem in evidence everywhere Family Planning Perspectives 32;4:194 html pdf This is the second letter on the page. Scroll down to view.
Barrett G. 2005 Unintended pregnancy. In Glasier A, Wellings K, Critchley H. (Eds). Contraception and Contraceptive Use. London: RCOG Press ISBN:1-904752-15-2 Pbk
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