|Evaluation of the LMUP in India|
There are three evaluated LMUP translations in India: Hindi, Tamil and Kannada
The Hindi LMUP is available to download:
Tamil and Kannada
Corinne H. Rocca, MPH, PhD, of the University of California, San Francisco, led a psychometric analysis of the LMUP among Tamil and Kannada-speaking women in Bangalore, India. The evaluation was conducted as a part of Dr. Rocca’s doctoral dissertation work at the University of California, Berkeley. The study was carried out in collaboration with Suneeta Krishnan, PhD (Principal Investigator of the underlying study); Geraldine Barrett, PhD (original developer of the LMUP); and Mark Wilson, PhD (expert in quantitative measurement in social science research).
The details of the study and findings can be found in the published article. In brief, the LMUP was administered 971 times to young married women, aged 16-25 years, living in slum communities in Bangalore, India. All women were participating in a two-year (2005-08), NICHD-funded longitudinal cohort study evaluating the relationships between numerous aspects of gender-based power, such as women’s employment, and reproductive health outcomes. The study used two approaches to measure evaluation, a classical test theory-based approach and item response modeling, to assess the acceptability, reliability, internal validity and external validity of the LMUP for use in the Indian context.
Prior to administering the LMUP, the instrument was translated into Tamil and Kannada, the local languages in Bangalore; questions were back-translated to English. All items were pilot tested for comprehension. Minor modifications were necessary to accommodate the population and context. A comparison between the original UK version of the LMUP and the version used in this study in English is available. Tamil and Kannada versions can be downloaded for future use and are scored in the same way as the original LMUP.